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March 23, 2017
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Terminology Used in Stainless Steel and Copper Countertop Fabricating

The following definitions are in reference to metal countertops and sinks:

#4 Finish:
  A standard grain finish that ranges between a 120 and 150 grit finish, also known as a satin or brushed finish. See Finishes for more details.

Antique Finish:
  A custom hand applied ramdom orbital finish that tones down the "shine" of finished metal. Also referred to as a DA Finish. See Finishes for more details.

Backsplash:
  The vertical portion at the rear of a countertop, normally 4-6" that protects the adjacent wall surface. Back splashes on metal countertops are formed from the original sheet, making them integral to the countertop. See Backsplashes for more details.

Cove corner:
  A formed radiused bend on a sink or backsplash. For sanitary purposes and ease in maintenance, sinks have both vertical and horizontal intersecting cove corners. Eskay's standard sinks are manufactured with ¾" cove corners.

Cut-out:
  A hole or shape removed from the countertop to accommodate for a drop-in item.

DA Finish :
  A custom hand applied ramdom orbital finish that tones down the "shine" of finished metal. Also referred to as Antique Finish. See Finishes for more details.

Drain board:
  An integral portion of a countertop or dish table adjacent to a sink. Unlike stamped metal countertops and sink units, our residential countertops do not have built in pitch or creases. Eskay does provide integral drainage options in stand-alone sinks and dish tables.

Edge:
  The exposed portion of a countertop that may be formed into a profile or left flat and "raw" to be covered or trimmed with other material such as tile or wood.

Edge Return :
  The portion of material returned towards the cabinet (generally ½") to produce a slight radius at the bottom of an edge profile.

Finish:
  The actual grit, polish, or blend of a metal sheet. See Finishes for more details.

Gauge:
  The standard used by ASTM to determine metal thickness. Our countertops and sinks are 16 gauge for residential and 14 or 12 gauge for commercial applications.

Grain:
  A directional brush finish produced by varying degrees of grit finishing. See Finishes for more details.

Integral:
  Formed or welded, ground, and polished as one piece. i.e. Eskay's custom sinks are integrally welded, ground and polished into our countertops.

Integral Backsplash :
  Material formed out of the same sheet material as the countertop to create a backsplash at various heights and profiles.

Integral Sink :
  A fabricated stainless steel sink that is welded to the countertop and then ground and polished to match the countertop finish. See Sink Styles for more details.

Joint:
  The area where two surfaces meet, whether welded, or butted together.
See Joints for more details.

Random Finish :
  A custom hand finish using various grinding disks, cones, and finishing pads which are applied in a random fashion to obtain a modern or contemporary look. See Finishes for more details

Satin Finish :
  A brushed directional finish, usually rated as a #4 finish. See Finishes for more details

Side splash:
  The vertical portion at the side or sides of a countertop, normally 4-6" that protects the adjacent wall surface. Side splashes on metal countertops are formed from the original sheet, making them integral to the countertop.
See Sink Styles for more details.

Sink cutout :
  A cut out in the countertop to accommodate for a drop-in sink.

Stamped metal:
  A manufacturing process that presses or forms a countertop or sink in one single hit. This process stretches the base material as it forms over the die, making the stretched area thinner and more susceptible to punctures, dents, and cracks.

Note: All of Eskay's countertops and sinks are fabricated, not stamped, maintaining the base material thickness throughout the product.

Substrate:
  (Wood backer) the supporting structure of a countertop that is glued or laminated to a metal countertop for support and sound deadening. See Wood backer for more details.

Supply Knockout:
  A hole or series of holes punched in the countertop for a faucet, sprayer, or dispenser.

Wood backer:

  (Wood Substrate) The support system used for metal countertops in order for the top to sit on top of the cabinets, also referred to as a substraight, which is glued to the countertop. See Wood backer for more details.

Wall splash:
  A separate piece of metal, generally flat, fastened or glued vertically to protect a wall surface.